Plant pests or pests are among the most annoying and difficult problems to solve in indoor cultivation, so it is advisable to prevent any infestation. In this article we will talk about how to prevent and eliminate mites (or red spider mites).
How common is that?
Mites, or red spiders, are very common in indoor and outdoor cultivation.
Where are they and when?
Mites, or red spiders, live mostly on the reverse side of the leaves, but also on the shoots. They can also be found moving on their web from plant to plant. Mites are most active in warmer climates.
What do they look like?
Mites, or red spiders, are difficult to see with the naked eye as they are only 0.4mm long. They are arachnids (relatives of spiders) and have four pairs of legs, they have no antennae. However, unlike spiders, they have a unique body segment. Their colours vary from red brown to black, yellow and green depending on the species. Mites are so tiny that most of these details can only be seen under a microscope.
What does it do to the plant?
Mites pierce the surface of the leaves, then suck the sap from them. These stings appear on the leaves as tiny brown dots surrounded by yellowed leaves. Identify the infestation by tiny dots on the leaves. You can see them as coloured dots on the underside of the leaves. When the mite population grows you can see silvery cobwebs using them as a bridge between branches and leaves. They carry diseases for plants.
Most infestations begin when insects enter through the ventilation duct or another infested plant, or are introduced by the gardeners themselves, who are used as a means of transport for the garden. It is therefore a good procedure not to enter the growing room wearing clothes that have been outside recently, particularly in the countryside or garden. Using an insect and dust filter is a good solution to filter the air entering the growing area. Use Vebi’s Neem or Insect GO oil on the plants as a preventive and nutritive element.
How to eliminate pests
Mites thrive in hot and dry climates and multiply quickly (Mites hatched = 3:1 females:males, each female lays up to 200 eggs). The high humidity slows down the development and reproduction of the mites. This can be used in the vegetative growth and early flowering stages to slow population growth.